Достопримечательности ульяновска на английском языке с переводом

Ulyanovsk city, Russia

Ulyanovsk overview

Ulyanovsk (in 1648-1780 – Sinbirsk, in 1780-1924 – Simbirsk) is a city in the European part of Russia, the capital of the Ulyanovsk region, standing on Privolzhsky hill, on the banks of the Volga River (Kuybyshevsky water reservoir) and the Sviyaga River, 879 km southeast of Moscow.

The population of Ulyanovsk is about 621,500 (2015), the area – 317 sq. km.

The phone code – +7 8422, the postal codes – 432000-432306.

Ulyanovsk city flag

Ulyanovsk city coat of arms

Ulyanovsk city map, Russia

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Ulyanovsk history

Ulyanovsk was founded by Tsar Alexey Mikhailovich’s decree as a fortress called Sinbirsk in 1648. The fortress was built to protect the Russian kingdom’s eastern borders from the raids of nomadic tribes.

In 1670, Sinbirsk was besieged by the peasant army of Stepan Razin (a leader of a major uprising in southern Russia in 1670-1671). In 1672, Sinbirsk received its first coat of arms in honor of its defense against Stepan Razin. In 1774, Emelyan Pugachev, a leader of a great Cossack uprising, was brought to Sinbirsk and interrogated.

In 1780, it became the main town of Simbirsk governorship (province) and received a new name Simbirsk. In 1864, a great fire destroyed three-quarters of the buildings.

In Soviet times, the city received a new name – Ulyanovsk – in honor of Vladimir Ulyanov (Lenin), the leader of the Bolsheviks, who was born in Simbirsk. In the 1930s, almost all churches in the city were destroyed. In 1943, it became the center of a newly formed Ulyanovsk region.

During the Second World War, Moscow Patriarchate was evacuated to Ulyanovsk. In addition, a number of industrial enterprises (including the automobile plant named after Stalin) were evacuated from Moscow to Ulyanovsk.

In 1969-1970s, on the eve of the 100th anniversary of the birth of V.I. Lenin, the city’s historic center was built up with modern buildings: Lenin Memorial, the hotel “Venets”, the building of the Ulyanovsk State Pedagogical University, the Palace of Culture, new railway and river stations, an airport, etc. Ulyanovsk became an important tourist center of the USSR.

In 1983, a tragedy took place in Ulyanovsk, when the passenger ship “Alexander Suvorov” crashed into a railway bridge across the Volga, more than 170 people were killed.

Ulyanovsk streets

General view of Ulyanovsk

Author: Vladimir Kropotin

Author: Vladimir Kropotin

Venets hotel in Ulyanovsk

Author: Vladimir Kropotin

Ulyanovsk features

City Day is celebrated on the second Sunday of September. Informal name of the city: Aviation Capital of Russia.

The climate is temperate continental, slightly drier than in central Russia. The average temperature in February – minus 10.4 degrees Celsius, in July – plus 20.2 degrees Celsius.

Ethnic composition according to the census of 2010: Russians (77.65%), Tatars (10.64%), Chuvash (7.02%), Mordvinians (1.30%), Ukrainians (1.02%).

The main industries of the local economy are machine building and metalworking, power engineering. Trade and construction are also quite well developed.

It is an important railway hub (Kuybyshev railway). There are two airports located near the city – Ulyanovsk-Central (ULK) and Ulyanovsk-Vostochny (ULY). Flights to Moscow, Sochi, Ufa, Nizhny Novgorod are available. Ulyanovsk river port is located on the right bank of the Volga, in Zheleznodorozhny district.

Urban transport is presented by trams, trolleybuses, buses, and minivans. Interesting fact, trams can only be found in the right-bank part of the city, while trolleybuses – in the left-bank part (Zavolzhsky district). The banks of the Volga are connected by two bridges.

Ulyanovsk places of interest

Ulyanovsk can rightly be called a city of museums. Numerous museums offer exhibitions about the city’s history, culture and architecture. The history of several museums has its origins in the distant past, when Simbirsk scholars and merchants collected and presented to their hometown great cultural and scientific heritage.

The most popular museums in Ulyanovsk are:

Museum of the History of Civil Aviation – one of the largest aviation museums in Russia. It is located near the airport Ulyanovsk Central also known as Baratayevka (Mozhaiskogo Street, 8/8).

The Memorial Museum of Vladimir Lenin opened in 1941. The unique exhibition of the museum introduces the life and work of Lenin on the background of the political history of the Russian Empire in the late 19th – the early 20th centuries, his contemporaries, allies, opponents. The collection of lifetime editions of Lenin, illegal and forbidden literature, satirical magazines is very interesting (Lenina Square, 1).

The museum “Urban Planning and Architecture of Simbirsk-Ulyanovsk”. This museum located in an old mansion was opened in 2001. The mansion was part of the estate complex and was typical for the architecture of Simbirsk in the middle of the 19th century. The exposition occupies seven halls (Tolstoy Street, 24).

The museum “Simbirsk in the late 19th – the early 20th centuries”. The museum is located in the former estate of the priest I.A.Anaksagarov. It is not like an ordinary museum. There are several thematic rooms: ladies’ room with a miniature dressing table, elegant bottles etc.; dining room ready for dinner of the 19th century; living room with an old piano and furniture (Lenina Street, 90).

Ulyanovsk views

Ulyanovsk Agricultural Academy

Author: Vladimir Kropotin

Architecture of old Simbirsk

Author: Vladimir Kropotin

Lenin is everywhere in Ulyanovsk

Author: Vladimir Kropotin

Ulyanovsk Local History Museum named after I.A.Goncharov, located in the house-monument to I.A.Goncharov, was founded in 1895. The building was designed by the renowned Simbirsk architect A.A.Shode specifically for the museum in 1912-1916. The museum has various archaeological findings, unique numismatic, paleontological and weapons collections, textiles of the late 18th-mid 20th centuries, folk costumes (Noviy Venets Boulevard, 3/4).

The historical and architectural museum “Simbirsk Defensive Line” was built on the site of a miraculously preserved fragment of the wall of Simbirsk-Karsunskaya defensive line in 2001. This museum is known for theatrical performances bringing to life the pages of the city’s history (Tolstoy Street, 43a).

The state historical and memorial preserve “Lenin’s Homeland”. This museum is a unique complex of historical, cultural and architectural monuments of old Simbirsk. There are ten museums and an exhibition hall showing the life and traditions of the people of Simbirsk, architectural appearance of the old town, the history of Simbirsk crafts and trade (Lenina Street, 98).

Текст на английском языке по теме “Ульяновск”

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Ulyanovsk is the capital of Ulyanovsk region, a port on the Volga and Svigaya rivers. It is a major rail and water transport center. Industries include food processing, vodka distilling, and the manufacture of motor vehicles, machine tools, and metal and. Ulyanovsk was founded in 1648 on the site of a Tatar village as a strongpoint to defend Russia’s southern frontier. It also developed as a trade center. It was taken by the Cossack leader Stenka Razin in 1670, was the scene of fighting during the Pugachev insurrection of 1773-74, and was destroyed by fire in 1864. The city was the birthplace of V. I. Lenin , the founder of Soviet Russia, as well as of such famous figures as A. F. Kerensky , the head of the 1917 provisional Russian government; the novelist I. A. Goncharov ; and the historian and writer N. M. Karamzin . The city, formerly called Simbirsk, was renamed in 1924 in honor of Lenin (whose original name was Vladimir I. Ulyanov).


Simbirsk was founded in 1648 by the boyar Bogdan Khitrovo . The fort of “Simbirsk” (alternatively “Sinbirsk”) was strategically placed on a hill on the Western shore of the Volga River . The fort was meant to protect the eastern frontier of the Russian Empire from the nomadic tribes and to establish a permanent Imperial presence in the area.

In 1924, the city was renamed Ulyanovsk in honor of Vladimir Ulyanov, better known as Lenin , who was born in Simbirsk in 1870. Another Russian political leader, Alexander Kerensky was also born in Simbirsk.

During the Soviet period Ulyanovsk was an important tourist center, drawing visitors from around the USSR because of its revolutionary importance.

National composition


Ulyanovsk has a humid continental climate (meaning hot summers and cold winters).

Ulyanovsk is a significant industrial city. The UAZ automobile manufacturing plant, Aviastar-SP Aircraft Company and UMZ are based in the city along with a variety of light industry and food-processing enterprises.

Tourism is a growing business in the city and the surrounding area.

The 31st Airborne Brigade of the Russian Airborne Troops of the armed forces is based in Ulyanovsk.

Local transport in the city is provided by 17 tram lines, 7 trolleybus routes, 50 municipal bus routes and around 150 minibus services.

Ulyanovsk is served by Ulyanovsk Vostochny Airport and Ulyanovsk Baratayevka Airport (Ulyanovsk Central Airport).


Ulyanovsk is home to the Ulyanovsk State University , established in 1988 as a branch of Moscow State University . At the present time, USU is one of the largest higher educational institutions in the Volga region, comprising 6 institutes, 6 independent faculties, 2 affiliates, 5 junior colleges, 6 learning centers. USU enrolls about 15 thousand students annually, among them 125 foreign citizens from 20 countries of the world.

There is also a number of technical and pedagogical colleges in Ulyanovsk.

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